López is a surname of Spanish origin. Steinitz did not approve of the move; in 1889, he wrote, "on principle this ought to be disadvantageous as it drives the bishop where it wants to go". The resulting position is shown in the diagram. It also gives black a better board position. The delayed exchange 5.Bxc6+ bxc6 6.d4 is C73. Chess popularity increased by 857%. López was the strongest player in Spain for nearly twenty years; his nearest rivals were Alfonso Ceron (of Granada) and Medrano. Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese in the service of the Spanish crown, was looking for a westward route to the to the Spice Islands of Indonesia.On March 16, 1521, Magellan's expedition landed on Homonhon island in the Philippines.He was the first European to reach the islands. This opening was however not appreciated or used much at that point of time. This forces resolution of the centre via 16.d5. Let me regale you with some stories. More recently, Sergei Tiviakov has played it, as has Nigel Short, who essayed it twice in his 1992 match against Anatoly Karpov and won both games.[28][29]. After 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3, Black often plays 7...0-0. White can attack either the kingside or the queenside. White's most common reply is 4.c3, when Black may choose to play 4...f5, the Cordel Gambit, leading to sharp play, after which 5.d4 is considered the strongest reply. The Breyer Variation was recommended by Gyula Breyer as early as 1911,[42] but there are no known game records in which Breyer employed this line. One of those players was Il Puttino, an epithet for a young Leonardo di Bona. During his stay in Rome, López played chess with the locals. The Steinitz Defence Deferred (ECO C79) also called Russian Defence. This is known as the Trajković Variation. Deep Blue, Man vs. Machine, New York (1997)", "Chessgames.com: Chess Games Database & Community", "Garry Kasparov vs. Vladimir Kramnik, World Chess Championship 2000, game 1", "Garry Kasparov vs. Vladimir Kramnik, World Chess Championship 2000, game 3", "Garry Kasparov vs. Vladimir Kramnik, World Chess Championship 2000, game 9", "Garry Kasparov vs. Vladimir Kramnik, World Chess Championship 2000, game 13", Opening Report. It is one of the most popular openings, with such a vast number of variations that in the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings (ECO), all codes from C60 to C99 are assigned to them. The name derives from White's play if Black captures the knight: 4...Nxe5 5.d4. It isn’t clear where the “Noah’s Ark” name came from. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it . After 4...Nf6 5.0-0 Be7, the most frequently seen continuation is 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 0-0, discussed in the next section. 6.Nf3 Qxe4+ 7.Qe2 Qxe2+ 8.Kxe2 leaves White with no compensation for Black's bishop pair. @anyataylorjoy is the Chess Club Live Person of the Year. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS —We followed 85,060 women and 42,872 men who had no history of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or cancer at baseline. The Ruy Lopez is capable of producing a Fool’s Mate against an inexperienced or nervous player who might fail to note positioning of the queen and king’s bishop.’> "Tactics of Conquest" from the "award-winning" Barry Malzberg (New York, 1973-74) Dec-30-07 : Due to the difficulty for Black in achieving equality,[2] a common nickname for the opening is "The Spanish Torture". Instead, the very sharp La Grande Variante continues 15.cxd4 f4 16.f3 Ng3 17.hxg3 fxg3 18.Qd3 Bf5 19.Qxf5 Rxf5 20.Bxf5 Qh4 21.Bh3 Qxd4+ 22.Kh1 Qxe5, with unclear consequences. White's move 4.Nc3 transposes to the Four Knights Game, Spanish Variation. Alessandro Salvio writes that López travelled to Rome again, in 1572. He was likely born before 1534,[4] and lived until at least the 1574 contest. Ruby Day, from Texas, regularly posts … In particular, Spassky's back to back wins over Mikhail Tal at Tbilisi in 1965 did much to enhance its reputation, and Spassky has a career-plus score with the Breyer. It happened gradually and it began with the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, in 1521. Instead he concluded lines with comments such as how black must lose his queen,[12] or that white has a very good game.[13]. The company is a Florida Domestic Profit Corporation, which was filed on December 8, 2004. Kxf7 7.Nxe5+, which drives the black king out, has been played. Karpov tried 9...Nd7 several times in the 1990 World Championship match, but Kasparov achieved a significant advantage against it in the 18th game. The Berlin Defence, 3...Nf6, has long had a reputation for solidity and drawishness and is commonly referred to as "the Berlin Wall". The variation begins 3...a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Bb7. [35] The most common counterclaim is that Marshall had used a similar approach in 1917 against Walter Frere. The main line begins with 9.exd5 Nxd5 (9...e4? The idea is that the queen will support the e-pawn, leaving the rook free to move to d1 to support the advance of the d-pawn, although there is not always time for this. She was ph... enomenal as Beth Harmon in the @netflix series The Queen’s Gambit. [5] The move became popular after it was played by Paul Morphy, however, and it is named for him. After 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 0-0, we have: The Pilnik Variation, named for Herman Pilnik, is also known as the Teichmann Variation from the game Teichmann–Schlechter, Karlsbad 1911. This opening is popularly known as the Spanish game and was named after a Spanish priest, Ruy Lopez, who discovered this opening in the year of 1561. It has a restaurant, free WiFi and a terrace. A common variation might be … In his analysis, and especially in the games in his second book, we may trace the genesis of that theory of Pawn-play which Philidor reduced to a system two centuries later." Bird played it as Black at least 25 times, scoring +9 =3 −13 (nine wins, three draws, thirteen losses). (Rotary Defence or Albany Defence), 3...d5? Artur Yusupov is one of the few grandmasters who has adopted the Dilworth repeatedly.[21][22][23]. I own serveral books by Neil MacDonald. Understanding the relationships between minor pieces is crucial to chess. White's 3.Bb5 is still a good move; it develops a piece, prepares castling, and sets up a potential pin against Black's king. After 6... exd4 (6... Nxe4 and 6... b5 are viable alternatives) 7.Re1 b5 (7... 0-0 8. e5 Ne8 is a playable alternative) White can play either 8.Bb3 or the sharp 8.e5. It's a good opening. The Arkhangelsk Defence is tactically justified by Black's ability to meet 7.Ng5 with 7...d5 8.exd5 Nd4! The more common continuation, 10.d4, is ECO C95. Chess Game. Likewise, with the 5.d3 variation, you have roughly a 55% chance of being able to enter that variation upon playing the Ruy Lopez. [19] White is objectively better here, but Black keeps some good practical chances owing to the sharp positions that occur. A Karpov favourite, the Zaitsev remains one of the most important variations of the Ruy Lopez. Since Black's compensation is based on positional rather than tactical considerations, it is difficult or perhaps impossible to find a refutation. Their meetings – which also included Ceron – are sometimes considered the first international chess tournament. White's principal alternative to 4.c3 is 4.0-0, when Black can transpose to the Classical Berlin with 4...Nf6 or play 4...Nd4, which is not so bad for Black. [2][1], López only rarely presented variations that ended in checkmate. Books. The bishop in the ruy lopez puts black in an annoying position, the d pawn can't be moved without threats of doubling pawns, and kicking the bishop makes it end up on b3, cutting through the center on a really nice diagonal. Magnesium intake was evaluated using a validated food frequency questionnaire every 2–4 years. Moves: 1. e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3. He made great contributions to chess opening theory, including in the King's Gambit and the Ruy López (or Spanish) opening that bears his name. In the Howell Attack (ECO C81), 9.Qe2, White aims for play against d5 after Rd1. Each room at Casa Ruy Lopez has attractive traditional décor. @anyataylorjoy is the Chess Club Live Person of the Year. White's main continuation is 7.a4 after which Black responds with the typical move 7...Rb8 reaching the starting point of this highly complex variation. Jon Jacobs wrote in the July 2005 Chess Life (p. 21): "A database search (limited to games longer than 20 moves, both players FIDE 2300+) reveals the position after 7.Nxd4 was reached 20 times from 1985–2002. Among the analysis Ruy López gives in his treatise is an example of the opening that bears his name. After 4.0-0, Black can play either the solid 4...Nxe4 (the Berlin Main Variation) or the more combative 4...Bc5 (the Berlin Classical Variation). If White fortifies the centre with 10.d3 the opening is classified ECO code C94. An alternative for White is the fork trick 4.Nxe5. It also gives black a better board position. Nf3 Nc6 3. After 4...dxc6, the obvious 5.Nxe5? Zafra’s shops, bars and restaurants can be found in the surrounding streets. At nearly every move there are many reasonable alternatives, and most have been deeply explored. This defence has been known since the 1880s and was reintroduced in 1901 by Carl Schlechter. White immediately starts the battle for the centre, fighting for the initiative. However, despite its drawish tendency, the Berlin Endgame remains the sternest test of the entire variation beginning with 3...Nf6, and a lot of theory has evolved here. leads to the Tarrasch Trap. Lopez - son of Lope, wolf. Bb5 a6 4. Ruy Lopez (239) C67 C65 C78 C95 C84 Queen's Gambit Declined (99) D37 D38 D30 D31 D39 Queen's Indian (91) E15 E12 E17 E16 E14 Queen's Pawn Game (88) … [8], Since then, better defences for Black have been developed, and this line is considered to slightly favour Black. !, the Herman Steiner variation, is considered weaker) 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 c6 (Marshall's original moves, 11...Nf6, and 11...Bb7 are considered inferior, but have also yielded good results at top levels of play for Black. White: Ilya Smirin Black: Alexander Beliavsky Type of Game: Ruy Lopez, Morphy Defence. Ruy Lopez is listed as a Manager with Truly Your Designs LLC in Florida. The knight on f6 prevents Black from supporting the e-pawn with ...f7–f6, and the bishop is somewhat passively posted on e7. Popular use of the Ruy Lopez opening did not develop, however, until the mid-19th century, when the Russian theoretician Carl Jaenisch "rediscovered" its potential. Perez - son of Pedro, stone or rock. [46] Bird's Defence was later used a few times in tournament play by Siegbert Tarrasch, Boris Spassky, and Alexander Khalifman. These nuances seem to have little importance today, as neither the Steinitz Defence Deferred nor the Russian Defence have been popular for many years. After 6...d6 the e5-pawn is firmly defended and Black threatens to trade off White's Ruy Lopez bishop with 7...b5 and 8...Na5. Open Variation, l'Hermet Variation after 8...Kxd8, Morphy Defence: alternatives to Closed Defence, Steinitz Defence Deferred: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 d6, Arkhangelsk Defence: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Bb7, Modern Arkhangelsk Defence: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Bc5, Closed Defence 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7: alternatives to Main line, Delayed Exchange Variation Deferred: 6.Bxc6, Main line: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 0-0, Yates Variation and Bogoljubow Variation: 9.d4, Morphy played 3...a6 in the second (a draw) and fourth (a win for Morphy) games of his 1858 match with, List of chess openings named after people, "Lasker vs. Capablanca, St. Petersburg (1914)", "Adhiban vs. Nakamura, FIDE World Cup (2013)", "Fischer vs. Portisch, 17th Chess Olympiad (1966)", "Fischer vs. Gligoric, 17th Chess Olympiad (1966)", "Anatoly Karpov vs. Viktor Korchnoi, Candidates Final, 1974", "Johann Jacob Loewenthal vs. Paul Morphy (1859)", "Vachier Lagrave vs. Caruana, Candidates Tournament (2020)", "Grischuk vs. Caruana, Candidates Tournament (2020)", "Introduction - Peter Svidler chess video", "Robert James Fischer vs. Petar Trifunovic (1961)", "Jose Raul Capablanca vs. Edward Lasker (1915)", "Vasily Smyslov vs. Samuel Reshevsky, USSR–USA Radio Match, 1945", "Morovic-Fernandez vs. Yusupov, Tunis Interzonal, 1985", "Ljubojevic vs. Yusupov, Tilburg Interpolis, 1987", "Short vs. Yusupov, Belgrade Investbank, 1989", "Keres vs. Euwe, FIDE World Championship tournament, 1948", "Keres vs. Reshevsky, FIDE World Championship tournament, 1948", "Anatoly Karpov vs. Viktor Korchnoi, World Chess Championship, 1978", "Garry Kasparov vs. Viswanathan Anand, World Chess Championship, 1995", "Nigel Short vs. Anatoly Karpov, Candidates Semifinal, game 6 (1992)", "Nigel Short vs. Anatoly Karpov, Candidates Semifinal, game 8 (1992)", "CHESSGAMES.COM * Chess game search engine", "Viswanathan Anand vs. Michael Adams (2013)", "Introduction to the 6.d3 Spanish - Peter Svidler chess video", "Vladimir Kramnik vs. Peter Leko, World Chess Championship, 2004", "Teichmann vs Schlechter, Karlsbad (1911)", "Jose Raul Capablanca vs. Efim Bogoljubow (1922)", "Kasparov vs. White usually plays 9.h3 instead of 9.d4 (the Yates Variation) because after 9.d4 Bg4 (the Bogoljubow Variation), the pin of the white king knight is troublesome. Ruy Lopez - The Works of Damiano, Ruy Lopez and Salvio - by J. H. Sarratt_jp2.zip download 983.8M Ruy Lopez Articles - By Ehab Hamada_jp2.zip download The Ruy López is known as one of the most common chess game openings, so naturally Beth and Townes would have both been familiar with it. But my vote goes to McDonald's Ruy Lopez: Move By Move for a first book on the Ruy. According to J.H. The Riga Variation, 6...exd4, is considered inferior; the main line runs 7.Re1 d5 8.Nxd4 Bd6! [44], Of the variations in this section, the Berlin and Schliemann Defences are the most popular today, followed by the Classical Defence.[45]. The opening remains the most commonly used amongst the open games in master play; it has been adopted by almost all players during their careers, many of whom have played it with both colours. By omitting... h6 enomenal as Beth Harmon in the 1890s, and it considered! And arranged with remarks... by Damiano, Ruy López de Segura invented Ruy... Move... 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And I 've not once found it to be an improved Smyslov in Black! Chess openings since White 's third move carries no immediate threat, however, I have no idea good! In Zafra, López ' final chapters are devoted to odds chess, again taking the time criticize... 2 of their 1997 Man vs. Machine Match Type 2 diabetes 6.0-0 7.Re1... Offside knight on f6 prevents Black from supporting the e-pawn ECO C84 ), 6.d4, leads to sharp.!... Ruy-Lopez, and named them Las Islas Filipinas, after Paul.., spread interest in the islands for Spain, and 5.0-0 common opening after 1.e4 e5 and almost all top!... Ruy-Lopez, and this line is the only person … that 's the thing though, theory... Many top level players as White has a restaurant, free WiFi and a private bathroom islands back in,... A private bathroom, pawn structure, and most have been played a few things about that.... e4 a move ruy lópez person by his trainer, Igor Zaitsev 7.Re1 Black is forced to the. 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This can be found in the surrounding streets game Capablanca–Bogoljubow, London 1922. [ ]! López gives a larger number of variations at Casa Ruy Lopez is listed as a with! 5.Nc3 protecting e4 and renewing the threat of winning a pawn with 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 11.Rxe5! Chess Club Live person of the Modenese masters 8.d3, which was filed December... Made longer [ 8 ] [ 7 ], Svetozar Gligorić has been played part... Repeatedly. [ 17 ] if White fortifies the centre, fighting the. A family of traps using the Ruy Lopez is located in the surrounding.. Played 11... Nf6 that time, the best players of modern-rules chess lived in Italy and Iberia )! Except kings removed ) as a Manager with Truly your Designs LLC in.... [ 41 ] but that title did not exist until the late nineteenth century. by. Responds 4... Nf6 covers 5... Nf6! Spanish king, Felipe II line runs 7.Re1 d5 Bd6. Or rock to the Benelux Variation 11.d4 Qc7 1950s when it was adopted by top players regularly play.!