Keeping the soil damp and moist is essential for this plant to thrive. Thicker than other types of fern, the Holly Fern stands up well to strong breezes, like coastal Compared to other ferns, this one is tougher and more robust, able to tolerate gas fumes, lower light, and drier air far better. Water deeply and make sure that the excess fluid runs all the way through. The Holly Fern needs to be watered and fertilized on a … If you see black, green, yellow, or brown dots on the underside of the fern fronds, those are clusters of spore cases. As an added bonus, holly fern (Cyrtomium falcatum) is deer-resistant as well. Family Dryopteridaceae . Hollie has written for a number of publications and is now the resident garden blogger here at GardenBeast. This one with a minimum temperature of about 10°F. Holly Fern is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Cyrtomium falcatum in the genus Cyrtomium; Polystichum lonchitis in the genus Polystichum; Genera. Be on the lookout for pests such as scales, mites, mealybugs, and snails. Individual plants grown as a specimen can be up to 2 feet tall and 3 feet across … Care for it in spring by cutting back the old fronds right after new growth emerges. Holly fern is suitable for U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 10. Build up the area if needed or plant them at the edge of a ledge or wall. Arachniodes; Polystichum; This page is an index of articles on plant species (or higher taxonomic groups) with the same common name (vernacular name). Holly fern is an evergreen fern in most areas. HOLLY FERN Cyrtomium falcatum. The quickest way to propagate holly ferns is through division, particularly during the spring. Site it in a room with medium light; direct sunlight can scorch this plant's foliage. Each artificial plant features a dramatic arrangement of dark green leaves, and will look great as a dining table centerpiece. They can be used in partially sunny to fully shady spots as a border plant, ground cover, or in a woodland garden. Contact her at email@example.com or follow on twitter https://twitter.com/greenholliec. Holly fern or hollyfern is a common name for several different species and genera of ferns: Species. Plant Food: Feed a Holly Fern monthly from April through September when it is actively growing. An easy way to do this is by watering the plant a day before and then removing it from its pot. You should water even less if you live somewhere where it rains frequently or if the indoor temperature drops to 54°F (12°C) or lower. You can get rid of them by gently wiping some pesticide onto the infested area, but avoid using pesticides that contain oil. The divisions are sickle shaped. When planted outdoors, it’s best to keep it in an area where it is exposed to all-day shade or morning sunlight. Each leaflet may have irregularly shaped edges, which adds to their unique appearance. Japanese Holly Fern will grow to be about 24 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 3 feet. In a 12 to 18 inch pot, a Holly Fern would have more than enough room to flourish. Whether it is grown indoors or outdoors, the holly fern does not produce any flowers nor does it have a fragrance. Japanese holly fern, Cyrtomium falcatum, makes quite a statement in my mid-November garden Japanese holly fern, Cyrtomium falcatum (zones 6 to 10), is another favorite of mine. Cover the soil with a layer of shredded bark or straw to protect it from the cold. Fertilize Japanese hollies at rates recommended on the product label with a slow-release shrub & tree type fertilizer that contains iron and/or sulfur for deep greening. However, this plant has propagated to other countries outside of Asia. This fern thrives in low light, so it's ideal for shady areas under trees. Despite not having any flowers or fragrance, the holly fern still draws attention and has no trouble livening up a space. Holly Fern, and ferns in general do great as a ground cover in shady areas, especially shady areas where you would rather not have people walking. You can also opt to feed it with some fish emulsion or a water-soluble fertilizer, but be sure to avoid overfeeding your holly fern. When you divide it, it has dark, shiny green leathery fronds. It helps to keep the fern in a pot with good drainage, especially if it is kept indoors. It will grow best in loose, fertile, moist soil. It also can add a very interesting texture as a border plant as shown above. Soil/Location: Plant holly ferns in part shade to full shade in loose and airy, humus-rich, moist soil that drains really well, especially in winter. From here, you can collect them by cutting the frond and placing it pore-side down on a piece of wax paper. Holly fern's dark green color makes for a great background when grouped with more colorful plants. It is native to eastern Asia. I've seen it look great in a mulch bed under larger trees. Use a well balanced liquid plant fertilizer diluted to 1/2 the recommended strength. Leave it for a few days until the spores fall onto the paper. The Japanese holly fern is a great plant to have around because of its simple necessities and standout appearance. Keep the leaves of your holly fern clean by rinsing them with a warm shower occasionally. You can fertilize in late winter with a general all-purpose garden fertilizer. This plant is known for its glossy, dark green leaves that can grow about 1 to 2.5 inches long. Alternatively, you can feed plants with an organic plant food. UK, Hours Make sure they retain enough moisture by frequently misting them until new growth is visible. Easy-Growing Fern Thrives in Low Light Why Holly Ferns? It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.This plant does best in partial shade to shade. Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM You can usually divide it into 2 or 3 sections. It can handle lower temperatures at about 50°F (10°C), but it thrives and enjoys being at room temperature (68°F/20°C). Unlike most other ferns, the Japanese holly fern is able to handle changes in humidity a little better; it is typically seen growing in wetter areas such as stream banks and coastal cliffs. Japanese Holly Fern (cyrtomium falcatum rochfordianum) – INDESTRUCTIBLE Holly Fern, is an elegant plant with brightly polished rich green holly like foliage. Company No.05695741 Type above and press Enter to search. The spores found on the underside of the leaves can sometimes be mistaken for pests; however, these spores are actually a necessary part of the plant's reproductive system. You can better retain soil moisture by placing some damp rocks and pebbles on top of the soil. Plant it in a 12- to 18-inch container filled with a good quality potting mix. Gently pull apart a section from the rhizome or rootstock, preferably one that already has a few dark green fronds. This plant is tolerate to drought and low temperatures. Nearly Natural Holly Fern Artificial Plant in Brown Planter . The plant can survive in poor lighting conditions but only for a short period of time. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). Plant your holly fern in partial to full shade. To avoid frost damage to new growth stimulated by fertilization, cease feeding … Tips for planting and caring for "Cyrtomium Falcatum", GardenBeast is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, Japanese Holly Fern Features: An Overview, Umbrella Plant Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Schefflera Arboricola”, Strawberry Begonia Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Saxifraga Stolonifera”, Staghorn Fern Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Platycerium bifurcatum”, Chinese Fringe Flower Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Loropetalum Chinense”, Camellia Japonica Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Japanese Camellia”. You can also propagate the plant using its spores. If you’re looking for something to add to your garden, this plant’s lush and deep green leaves are sure to provide a beautiful contrast to your other, more colorful flora. According to the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I), this species falls under the subfamily Dryopteridoideae. While it may have originated from Asia, naturalization has allowed the Japanese holly fern to grow in different parts of the world such as North America, Hawaii, and Australia. The holly fern thrives in moist soil, so be sure to place it in well-draining soil. Plant Description Holly Fern, also called Japanese Holly Fern, is an evergreen fern with deep green color that grows in sprawling clumps. Registered Company No.05695741 Online Resource for Backyards & Gardens. When growing holly fern, keep in mind that this plant can grow to be about two feet tall and three feet wide; be sure to give your plant enough room to thrive. Moreover, they serve as excellent groundcover plants that not only help you cover up unsightly patches but also enhances the overall look of your garden. DESCRIPTION: Lush shade-loving fern with large long fronds of glossy leaves arranged in a herringbone formation.Mature plant leaves are dotted with orange spores on the reverse. This sheen makes it popular not only in the garden but as a sparkly addition to flower arrangements. Additionally, you can further help it thrive by making sure that soil is also rich in organic matter. It is non-toxic to cats and dogs, so it’s safe to put in the house if you have these kinds of pets. Ferns include nearly 12,000 species within a unique category of plants that do not reproduce by seeds produced by flowers that pollinate (sexual reproduction), as do virtually all other plant species. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years. Description. It gets its name from the resemblance it shares with the holly branch, with its pointy and serrated leaves found on its long fronds. Provide good soil; take care not to plant too deeply. When growing holly fern, keep in mind that this plant can grow to be about two feet tall and three feet wide; be sure to give your plant enough room to thrive. Its foliage tends to remain dense right to the ground, not requiring facer plants in front. When placed in warmer conditions, it’s crucial to increase humidity and maintain the plant’s moisture. Cover it with a plastic lid or some plastic wrap and place in an area with bright, indirect light. While it can survive for a short while in low-light conditions, you should provide ample light as soon as possible. She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online. The Japanese Holly Fern is a beautiful plant that grows best in shady, moist areas. Once they ripen, the cases open and small, dust-like spores fall out. It grows best in filtered shade to full shade as it burns easily with direct sunlight. One form has deeply cut margins with long-pointed ends. You might get troubled with fungal spots since this plant does enjoy moist conditions. It is normal for it to get a little droopy during this time but it’s okay as long as it doesn’t freeze. Japanese holly fern tolerates low humidity, which makes it a great houseplant. You can opt to give your plant some liquid fertilizer after every two weeks if it is still young. Combine this easy-care fern among variegated foliage plants, such as snow bush, colorful coleus-- or one of the prayer plants. The Holly Fern (Cyrtomium Falcatum) This fern is native of China, Japan and Korea. It makes an excellent understory plant beneath old reclaimed plants like camellia, sweet olive, and other large shrubs which have had their lower branches removed. It can reach a height of 24 inches and has multiple vividly green leaflets. The Japanese holly fern is part of the Dryopteridaceae family. It only needs occasional grooming when the foliage looks unpleasant or when it sheds during the winter. The plant will grow even in locations where there is extreme weather and harsh winters. They can be transferred once they have developed roots. The spores of this fern appear as tiny patches on the underside of the leaflets, which are easily carried by the wind. It can be used either as 'filler' or as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, depending on the height and form of the other plants used in the container planting. Since then she has gone on to develop a passion for growing vegetables & fruit in her garden. Kooc Media Ltd You will want to ensure that the soil you choose is of high quality containing dense organic material. Follow a regular watering schedule for the first season to establish a deep, extensive root system. This plant is quite robust when kept indoors as it is more tolerant of low lighting, gas fumes, and dry air compared to other ferns. It's such an attractive, yet low-maintenance, plant that the Florida Nursery Growers and Landscape Association (FNGLA) chose it as one of their Plants of the Year in 2007. Water deeply, regularly in first growing season to establish an extensive root system. But long fronds with thick, shiny green leaflets make this a handsome addition to any indoor plant grouping. The first thing you have to do is to check the top of the soil if it feels dry. A popular style of fern due to its incredibly handsome, holly-like foliage that is combined with serious hardiness allowing it to thrive in conditions that are difficult for most plants to even grow in. It is recommended to use a potting mixture made up of coarse peat moss or half leaf mold. The Japanese holly fern (Cyrtomium falcatum) is a species of fern native to eastern Asia. GardenBeast is an online publication which launched in 2019 with the aim of providing the latest news, in-depth how-to guides and reviews of popular products to help you make the most from your back yards and gardens. Holly Fern, named for the pointy tips on its leathery leaves, is a drought-resistant plant native to Africa & Asia. M2 3HZ Unlike regular ferns that loves moisture, this plant thrives in warmer environments with less humidity and it does not shed. see more; Synonyms Polystichum falcatum Phanerophlebia falcata. Saturday & Sunday: 11:00AM–3:00PM, GardenBeast™ Copyright © 2019 - 2020 Kooc Media Ltd. All rights reserved. Like most cyrtomiums it adjusts well to very deep shade where other plants languish. Shelter from harsh afternoon sun. You can … When caring for a holly fern, one of the most crucial things you need to know is that it enjoys moist, well-drained, and acidic soil. Holly fern (Cyrtomium falcatum) is is a beautiful, shade-loving specimen that performs quite nicely in zones 8-10. The fronds can also be used in cut flower arrangements. They also have a fine, net-like veining pattern. Like most ferns it prefers an understory environment and can provide a nice texture for the garden. Cyrtomium falcatum is a species of fern known by the common names house holly-fern and Japanese holly fern. Protect from wind. This neat, compact fern has small leaves set on long, elaborate fronds. When repotting your holly fern, place it in a container that is a bit larger than its previous one during spring. When grown indoors, the fern should be exposed to bright, indirect sunlight; conversely, when outdoors, it grows better when placed in only partial sunlight. In warmer environments, the plant will need more humidity and moisture. When grown indoors, the fern should be exposed to bright, indirect sunlight; conversely, when outdoors, it grows better when placed in only partial sunlight. However, if you’ve placed this plant in a warmer area, it’s likely that it won’t need a resting period during the winter. It is native to China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam. You can leave old foliage during the winter to protect the plant from the cold temperature. Press Esc to cancel. Follow a regular watering schedule for the first season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Hollie is a life-long gardener, having started helping her Dad work on their yard when she was just 5. This rugged evergreen fern should be the mainstay of every border, adding a splash of color and a touch of elegance every month in the year. If plants look like they could use a second fertilization, you can feed them again in mid to late summer. 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Deep shade where other plants languish, dust-like spores fall out a dramatic arrangement of green!